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COMPOST—GLEANINGS FROM THE WEB

COMPILED BY WAYNE HANDLOS

Google has a feature which allows you to be notified of websites that

use certain keywords that you designate. The following selections are from the “Alerts”, which

have arrived over the past year. The links take you to any manner of sites, serious and frivolous,

including murders committed on ‘Geranium Street.’

CCGS does not endorse any product mentioned here.


Geranium gin: smooth and well-balanced   

The brand, which is being launched in the UK by Hammer & Son is the concept of gin expert Henrik

Hammer, who set himself the challenge of creating a gin that was dry and at the same time aromatic.

He hoped to create a gin that could be used with crisp mixers, such as tonic and vermouth, and fruity

mixers like juices and berries. With the help of his chemist father, Hammer managed to mature and

distil the geranium, which has been used for centuries for healing purposes, in order to get the oils

that were needed. The challenge was to get the oils out of the geranium by distilling it in alcohol to

ensure it remained a London gin, rather than using the traditional vapour and steam pressure.


The Oxford Times for 11 Feb. 2010 illustrated the Geranium ‘Orion’ which had been exhibited

at the RHS Wisley Trial.

The website Flikr has an abundance of pictures including Geranium and Pelargonium.

Type the following into your address bar and you will be rewarded with hundreds of images.

http://www.flikr.com/group/geraniums/


Geranium Bourbon [a perfume reviewed on .http://www.thenonblonde.blogspot.com/

I bought my bottle of Miller Harris Geranium Bourbon because a) my scent twin did and b) I

really liked it. Both facts were a bit of a surprise considering the simple and not so appetizing

(to me/ us) list of notes: cassis berries, lemon geranium and Turkish rose. Geranium is a popular

rose sidekick, but this Miller Harris creation focuses on the geranium as the star which is what makes

Geranium Bourbon quite original and interesting.

Every spring I plant regular geranium as well as other varieties such as rose and lemon. I love their

aroma, but very few perfumes manage to bring it to life in a wearable way. I've heard that some

find Geranium Bourbon difficult and I know what they are talking about- I find that there's a shrill

lemony note that is very aggressive when I spray the fragrance. However, just like with several

other Miller Harris perfumes, dabbing eliminated any rough edges. All MH bottles come with the

spray pump on the side and you can choose not to use it with no extra hassle. I wish more perfume

houses would take this approach.


The following blog has lots of interesting information including fascinating observations

of  http.//www.geraniosgarden.blogspot.com/

 

The Evesham Journal (England) of 11 Feb. 2010 includes the following information about the Fibrex

Nursery’s 50th anniversary. KEEPING it in the family has proved a recipe for success for a Pebworth

business which is celebrating its golden anniversary this year. Specialist growers and holders of the

national collections of pelargoniums and hederas, Fibrex, is 50 years old this year with the nursery on

Honeybourne Road being run by the Key family throughout that time.

The seeds of success at Fibrex were planted in 1960 by the late Hazel Key who purchased a few

pelargonium from the Three Counties Agricultural Show. Hazel and husband Dick then rented some

land in Evesham and vowed to expand their hobby into a thriving business. From these humble be-

ginnings a burning passion grew over the next half a century with Hazel’s children Richard Godard-

Key, Ursula Key-Davis and Angela Tandy taking on the horticultural mantle on her death. Hazel and

Dick put on their first display at Evesham Flower Show and in 1961 put on their debut exhibit at the

Royal Horticultural Society at Vincent Square, London, closely followed by their first appearance at

Chelsea Flower Show in 1962.

 

Fibrex have continued to show at Chelsea every year, bar one, since then winning countless medals.

Ursula, Richard and Angela joined the business in the 60s and the nursery expanded to include ferns,

Hedera and begonias. By this time the business was outgrowing its Evesham site and in 1981 the

whole family, plants, glasshouses and all, moved to Pebworth.

 

Show appearances became a major part of the business and during the mid-1980s they attended

more than 40 shows every year. In 1994 The National Hedera Collection joined the Pelargoniums

under the expert care of youngest daughter Angela, who also specialises in hardy ferns of which it

is believed Fibrex have one of the largest collections of in the UK. Richard said: “It gives us a real

sense of achievement to have reached our 50th anniversary milestone. Mum saw that we have all

inherited her passion for plants and I’m sure she would be very proud of how the family firm is growing

into the next decade.”

 

A lot has changed since 1960 and as the world moves on so does Fibrex with its internet and mail order

side of the business booming. They also send plants throughout Europe, supply The National Trust and

English Heritage and many of their plants find their way into the Royal gardens.

 

The next chapter in the Fibrex story has just been written after romance blossomed over a bag of moss

– not the typical start to a love story you might say. Richard met fellow horticulturalist Heather Angrave

from the Old Walled Garden Nursery at Oxon Hoath in Kent, through the RHS shows at Vincent Square

in London where a misunderstanding over the bag eventually turned into a firm friendship and the rest,

as they say, is history – the couple got married last Saturday.

 

Heather’s collection of unusual southern hemisphere shrubs and climbers for the garden and conservatory

have been moved from Kent to Pebworth where Heather will continue to run her nursery on the Fibrex site,

which will greatly extend the range of plants available from Fibrex.


The following kind of information can be obtained from patent applications. This one was filed by Mitchell

Hanes and Syngenta.

The present invention comprises a new Pelargonium hybrid, botanically known as Pelargonium interspecific,

more specifically as Pelargonium hortorum times Pelargonium tongaense , hereinafter referred to by the

variety name ‘Cante Pinka.’ ‘Cante Pinka’ is a product of a planned breeding program. The new cultivar

‘Cante Pinka’ has red-purple color, semi-upright, outwardly spreading and mounding habit, dense and freely

basal branching habit, dark green foliage, heat tolerance, and good edema resistance.

 

‘Cante Pinka’ originated from a hybridization in a controlled breeding program in Gilroy, Calif. USA. The female

parent was an unpatented Pelargonium interspecific hybrid seedling identified as ‘9994-1’ with coral color.

‘9994-1’ has darker foliage, leggy habit, few flowers, and less vigor than ‘Cante Pinka.’

 

The male parent ‘Cante Pinka’ was an unpatented Pelargonium interspecific hybrid seedling identified as

‘9903-2’ with pink color. ‘9903-2’ has a lighter pink color, darker foliage, and less vigor than ‘Cante Pinka.’

‘Cante Pinka’ was selected as one flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross in October 2005

in a controlled environment in Gilroy, Calif. USA. The pollination was made in February 2005 and the seed

sowing in August 2005. The first act of asexual reproduction of ‘Cante Pinka’ was accomplished when

vegetative cuttings were taken from the initial selection in the October 2005 in a controlled environment

in Gilroy, Calif. USA.


Many beautiful images can be found on the web. On the site www.treknature.com/gallery/

you can find the very dark flowered Geranium phaeum shown on the previous page. Go to

Gallery and the click on Categories, then click on Flowers, or insert the name of the plant

in the Search box. Additional information may be included beyond the photographic details. Another site

with fantastic pictures is found at www.garten.cz/ Click on Fotogalerie or enter the genus name in the first

box at the top of the screen. The plants are found alphabetically by genus name. The information is in the

Czech language.


Need a tee shirt? Check out www.cafepress.com for their ‘I [heart] Geraniaceae’.

How about a beautiful photograph? Look for ‘Blue Door with Geranium’, by Andreas Neumann at

//pixdaus.com


Yardley London is presenting their fragrances Geranium, Hyacinth and Orange Blossom, which reflect charm and

style of the brand and introduce a new, modern twist. The fragrances arrive in charming and highly elegant chic-

vintage flacons, packed in an outer carton decorated with floral motives on each edition. The Heritage collection

was designed to highlight modern notes of fragrances inspired by English flowers.

Geranium – represents aromas of English geranium combined with freshly cut grass aromas. Hyacinth – introduces seductive

spring aromas of hyacinth stem decorated with accords of floral petals and hyacinth buds. Orange Blossom – brings us sophisticated

and juicy aromas of orange blossom combined with sensual musk.


Van Noort forced to stop growing geranium type after DNA testing

by Jack Sidders    Horticulture Week [www.hortweek.com/]    16 April 2010

Dutch grower and breeder Marco Van Noort has lost a EUR200,000 licensing dispute with Blooms of Bressingham North

America after DNA testing revealed "virtually no differences" between geraniums marketed by the two companies.

Van Noort has agreed to cease trading his 'Jolly Bee' variety, which Blooms of Bressingham NA said was too similar to its

Rozanne 'Gerwat' cultivar.

The dispute lasted more than seven years since 'Jolly Bee' was granted protection by Plant Variety Rights (PVRs) in 2003,

three years after the introduction of Rozanne.

Marco Van Noort said he was devastated by the decision, claiming the battle had cost him in excess of EUR200,000 and

disputing Bressingham's description of an amicable settlement.

[The cultivar ‘Jolly Bee’ was marketed in the U.S. by Proven Winners. Ed.]


[The following article is from www.eplawpatentblog.com/.]

EPO, Opposition Division, decision dated 20 April 2010, revoking European patent 1 429 795 (open

to appeal)

European patent 1 429 795 is directed to a method for producing an extract from Pelargonium sidoides and/or Pelargonium

reniforme, characterized by subjecting the roots of the plants to certain steps in order to obtain the extract. The description

mentions that Pelargonium sidoides has been traditionally used in Southern Africa as a medicament for a long time.

The patent was opposed by several opponents on the grounds of lack of novelty, lack of inventive step and lack of sufficiency

of disclosure. In addition, opponents African Centre for Biosafety and Erklärung von Bern relied on the grounds that the invention

was contrary to “ordre public” and morality within the meaning of Art. 53 (a) EPC. They submitted that pelargonium

roots in sufficient quantities as well as the traditional knowledge of indigenous communities had been available in South Africa

and that the invention was based in essence on this fortunate circumstance. Under the Convention on Biological Diversity

(CBD), the proprietor was obliged to respect, when making and when exploiting the invention, to comply with the criteria of

“previous informed consent” and “benefit sharing” as stipulated in Art. 8(j), 15 and 16 CBD. The proprietor had not shown

that he had acted in conformity with these requirements.


At the website www.henriettesherbal.com/ you will find a wealth of information about medicinal

plants. From the menu on the side go to Classical Texts if you want to find the text and pictures

from classical medicinal herb books. From the Image Galleries menu, you will find over 10,000

pictures arranged alphabetically by genus. Henriette Kress is a Finnish herbalist.


                On the website //pl.bepdf.com/ you will find a series of articles

 pollen grain & exine of Erodium cicutarium     about the Geraniaceae. These are excellent scientific articles in a

first-class format. The language of the website is Polish (I think) but the articles are in English. To find the

geraniums, type the word Geraniaceae in the box. Click on the article of interest and it will come to you via

Adobe Reader or similar program. See above pictures of pollen grains from one of the articles.


The following comment was included in a letter to Bill Maher on the Huffington Post website for

2/17/10. “Hey, we just went through eight years with a president whose IQ was 3 points lower than a geranium. Bill keep

up the good work. We need strong progressive voices in the media. “ [Ed. CCGS does not endorse any political party or

candidate.]


From www.ars.usda.gov/

GERANIUMS COULD HELP CONTROL DEVASTATING JAPANESE BEETLE

By Alfredo Flores    March 8, 2010        (Photo by Stephen Ausmus ARS)

Geraniums may hold the key to controlling the devastating Japanese beetle, which feeds on nearly 300 plant

species and costs  the ornamental plant industry $450 million in damage each year, according to scientists with

the Agricultural Research Service (ARS).

The beetle, Popillia japonica Newman, can feast on a wide variety of plants, including ornamentals, soybean, maize, fruits and

vegetables. But within 30 minutes of consuming geranium petals, the beetle rolls over on its back, its legs and antennae slowly

twitch, and it remains paralyzed for several hours. The beetles typically recover within 24 hours when paralyzed under laboratory

conditions, but they often succumb to death under field conditions after predators spot and devour the beetles while they are

helpless.

ARS entomologist Chris Ranger at the agency’s Application Technology Research Unit in Wooster, Ohio, is working on developing

a way to use geraniums to control the beetles.


From the Swazi Observer, 22 Feb. 2010

HER Majesty the Queen Mother [of Swaziland—Her Majesty, the Indlovukazi] has advised the nation to get

ready to generate  money by venturing into the production of three income generating projects this year.

The Queen Mother on Saturday announced that there was market for mushrooms, chillies, a certain kind

of garlic and certain  plant that generates oil known as Rose Geranium. She announced the projects when addressing Lutsango

regiment during the  annual emaganu celebration. It is a norm that every year Her Majesty announced projects during the ceremony,

last year she  announced that a firm would be opened at Siphofaneni that will deal with the production of body oils and would be

similar to the  one based at Mpaka.

She revealed that already there was market for the products and all that was needed was for the nation to stand up and work. She

pleaded with the regiments and nation at large to accept the projects and make use of the chances that it would avail. ...

“I would also like to thank you for coming in your numbers for the ceremony and remind you that this is not a day where we drink,

dance and be merry as a number of people believe but we also get the chance to relax with other fellow Lutsango members and

share ideas,” she said. Her Majesty further stated that Lutsango regiments were there to protect their families and the country at

large thus they must be busy at all times and be respected.

Meanwhile, Director of Agriculture in the ministry of Agriculture Dr George Ndlangamandla said producing the Rose Geranium was

easy and far better than producing sugar cane in that it needs less water and can be harvested four to five times a year.

“There are areas in the country that have less water so this project can work for them in that they can also generate income not only

for their families but even the country as a whole thus boosting the economy,” he said.

Ndlangamandla said they were looking forward to lasting members who would be interested in the projects that were announced.

The man behind the project Derek Braillwate said he was looking forward to working with Swazis in the project.

 

About Rose Geranium

The plant is grown commercially for its essential oil which is used in the cosmetic and oil industries for its scent. It is also used

as a flavouring agent in some categories of alcoholics, soft drinks and other pink colored products. It has also been used in medicine

for treating bleeding, each ache, healing wounds, ulcers, skin disorders, diarrhea, dysentery and colic. It belongs to the genus

Pelargonium which has 270 distinct species found across the globe. Most of the known species are commonly found in the Western

Cape. The plant is indigenous in South Africa but is also found in Egypt, India and China. It is also found in Central Africa, Madagascar,

Japan, Central America and Europe. Pelargonium cv. rose commonly known as rose geranium is a hybrid species developed from

P. capitatum with P. radens. Its essential oil is not toxic to humans.


                                                                                                                                

© 2012, Central Coast Geranium Society (CCGS )