The following is an article, slightly modified and with additional images,  taken from the author's website,                                                                                                        © 2010,  Annette Andersson




                Flower and leaf of 'Therese'             

Formosum cultivars

Below is a list of the fingered flower pelargoniums (formosum hybrids) that I have found. The list is probably

not complete, and some question marks remain. If you have other information about the fingered flower

pelargoniums I will be grateful to receive it, even if the varieties are others than those I mention. It seems

that these mysterious pelargoniums would take several years to research, so therefore I leave this article at

this point. Maybe I can come up with an update later if new information is available. I don’t think the list can

be completed because many of the varieties aren’t available anymore. I must say I was very surprised to find

so many formosum hybrids. [Originator’s names in parentheses below.]

‘Ansbrook Apollo’ - Miniature. Single pale pink flowers with red dots and splashes. Widespread petal. (A. Popham/Foster,

UK), source 1, 7.

‘Ansbrook California’ - Miniature. Single salmon pink flowers. (A. Popham/ Foster, UK), Source 7

‘Ansbrook Froshani’ - Eggshell. Single pink flower. (A. Popham/ Foster, UK), Source 7

‘Ansbrook Zeus’ - Dwarf. (A. Popham/Foster, UK), Source 7.

‘Azalea Pink’ - Slightly broader petals. Azalea pink. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3.

‘Azalea Rose’ - Camellia rose overlaid azalea pink in center, paling toward edges with age. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3.

‘Current Red’ - Miniature. Currant red with glow to petals, leaf deep colored almost black (L.R. Bodey), Source 3.

‘Deerwood Wildfire’ – Miniature. Single, glowing red, narrow widespread petals. Small dark lobed leaf. Heavy bloomer,

dense miniature. A little larger growing than ‘Urchin’. (Faye Brawner, USA), Source 3.

‘Dwarf Mandarine’ - Miniature or dwarf. Mandarin red single flower with reddish leaves. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 12.

‘Els’ - Salmon narrow petals. Double. (V. Gerris, Holland 1987). Source 3, 13.

‘Formosum’ - The original plant that was discovered in Mexico. Salmon flowers with white tips. Deep cut leaves like a

fern. Source 4.

‘Formosum hybrid’ - Pink flowers, wavy wrinkled leaves. Source 11.

Formosum ‘MINI’ – Pink petals, small growth. Source 11.

‘French Rose’ - Salmon rose flowers. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3.

‘F4/1' - Single red flowers. Origin unknown.

‘Geranium Lake’ - Red color with an overtone of cerise. (L.R. Bodey),Source 3.

‘Golden Els’ - I can’t find any information about this one but maybe it is an ‘Els’ with golden leaves.

‘Golden Formosum’ - This one has different descriptions so I will give you them all. (1) Golden leaf, a sport from

‘Formosum’. Source 1. (2) Very unusual. Golden leaf with a bronze zone. Fringed and very deep cut leaves. Apricot

orange flowers. Buds & Blooms Catalogue 1993. Source 3. (3) Semi-double bright salmon flowers sometimes tipped

in white. Deeply cut gold leaf. Each notched section of the leaf has a dark brown dot at the edge. Very unusual.

Source 1. (4) Double bright salmon pink with white edges, golden foliage with bronze zone. (L.R. Bodey, 1972) Source 5.

‘Good Vibrations’ - Orange red flowers with golden leaves. Vague leaf zone. (J.Sheehan 2006), Source 10.

‘Janet’ - Dwarf. Double salmon pink flowers. (Mitchell o James), Source 2, 5.

‘Mandarine Red’ - Mandarin red flowers. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3.

‘Moppet’ - Dwarf. Double salmon pink flowers. (Holmes Miller, USA), introduced 1971, Source 7.

‘Ninjas Lilla Knytt’ - Small miniature, near micro. Single bright red flowers. (G. Hagelin-Nilsson), Source 6.

‘Playmate’ - Miniature. Similar to ‘Urchin’, salmon semi-double flowers. Dense deeply lobed leaves. Needs to be cleaned

to avoid mold. (Holmes Miller, USA), Source 1, 2, 8, 12.

‘Poppy Red’ – Miniature with red flowers. Kewensis type. (L.R.Bodey). Source 3, 9.

‘Presto’ - Single salmon with white petal edge. Long petals. (Holmes Miller, USA 1968), Source 3.

‘Red Rose’ - Reddish cerise. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Red Witch’ - Dwarf. Very narrow petals, deep scarlet semi-double. Deeply cut leaves. Very old variety. Source 3, 8.

‘Red and Cream’ - Dwarf. Light cream with glowing reddish center, fading with age. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Rouge Cardinal’ - Geranium lake [a red color designation], petals broader than most others except ‘Rougeatre’.

(L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Rougeatre’ - Magenta, petals broader than all others and the best yet produced in both color and shape. (L.R. Bodey),

Source 3, 9.

‘Scarlet Dwarf’ - Dwarf habit. Scarlet deepening to center. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Smulan’ - Miniature. Single and primitive with coral red flowers with a yellow, almost white, center and tips. Small leaves.

Similar to ‘Tuva’ but smaller. 1996. (G. Hagelin-Nilsson), Source 6.

‘Snow Witch’ - Narrow petaled single very pale pink almost white flowers borne over medium green type foliage. Medium

size, bushy plant. (Charles Heidgen, USA), Source 8.

‘Something Else’ - Salmon flowers with white edges. The petals are quite close. Golden leaf. (J. Sheehan), Source 5.

‘Spinel Pink’ - Deep rose to spinel pink (Spinel is a kind of ruby). (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Spiraea Red’ - Cerise pink to spiraea red. (LR. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Strawberry Fayre’ - Light red petals with a white center. Source 11.

‘St. Elmo’s Fire’ - Dark, leathery leaf. Double salmon, quilled blooms. (Charles Heidgen, USA), Source 8.

‘Star Witch’ - Single, spidery narrow petals of pink, deeper in center. (Charles Heidgen, USA), Source 8.

‘Therese’ - Salmon flowers with 12 petals. Light tips on the petals and red dots. 1997. (G. Hagelin

Nilsson, Sweden), Source 6.

‘Tuva’ - Eggshell. White flowers with red pink dots and dashes. (G. Hagelin Nilsson, Sweden), Source 6.

‘Tyrian Rose’ - Dwarf. Very rich pink, tyrian rose. Kewensis type. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Urchin’ - Miniature. Scarlet, semi-double, narrow petaled flowers, small deeply cut. Low, bushy and compact.

(Holmes Miller, USA, 1971), Source 3, 8, 12.

‘White Rose’ - Dwarf. Single white overlaid with camellia rose. (L.R. Bodey), Source 3, 9.

‘Wille’ - Semi-double with dark red flowers. (G. Hagelin-Nilsson), Source 6.

‘White Witch’ - Probably not a synonym for ‘Snow Witch’.

List of Sources and References

  Source 1 -, Holt Geraniums, Canada. [Now off-line. Ed.]

  Source 2 -

  Source 3 - Pelargonium Palette, The Pelargonium and Geranium Society of Sidney Incorporated, Australia.

  Source 4 - Faye Brawner, 2003. Geraniums: The Complete Encyclopedia.

  Source 5 - PS Photogallery,

  Source 6 - Gunilla Hagelin-Nilsson, pelargonium hybridizer, 2009, e-mail.

  Source 7 - Annie Foster (f.d. Popham), e-mail through Helena Ericson Wik.

  Source 8 - Charles Heidgen, Shady Hill Gardens, USA, 2009, e-mail.

  Source 9 - Roger & Gabi Broinowski, Geranium Cottage Nursery, Western Australia 2009, e-mail.

  Source 10 - Caroline Le-Conte, The Vernon Geranium Nursery, UK.

  Source 11 -, Stegmeier Gartenbau, German.

  Source 12 - Harold Bagust, 1988. Miniature and Dwarf Geraniums.

  Source 13 - Rita Scheen Prins, 1982. Alles over Geraniums.

Other written sources.

Bode, Fred A. Pelargonium formosum (?) Or The ‘Five-Fingered Enigma.’Geraniums Around the World,

Vol. 8, No. 4. 1960, pp. 84-85.

Brawner, Faye. ‘Urchin’, Cover, Geraniums Around the World, Vol. 31, No. 4, 1984. Holm, Christa. 1997. Pelargoner.

Roller, Carol. The History of Fancy Leaves Zonals, Part 2 of 2. Geraniums Around the World. Vol. 38, No. 3, 1990, pp. 14-16.

Schmidt, William E. Fingered Pelargonium. Geraniums Around the World, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1971, p. 19.

Schmidt, William E. Holmes Miller’s Gift to the World. Geraniums Around the World, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1971, pp. 4-8, 11.

Many thanks to Helen Ericson-Wik for her amazing help with the editing of text and information retrieval.

Jorgen Eksell should also have a big thank you for correcting my text and for all issues that have given me more problems

but also made the article more widely available.  Contact: Annette Andersson, e-mail:


© 2010, Central Coast Geranium Society (CCGS )